1, 2, & 3 John

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    1, 2, & 3 John

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    1, 2, & 3 John - World English Bible (WEB)

    This is an open source version of the bible based on the 1901 ASV (American Standard Version). This document may be freely distributed, there is no copyright on this translation.
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    Derickson, Gary W.

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    What Is the Message of I John?

    "Within modern-day scholarship two distinct and disparate views have developed concerning the message of 1 John. They have arisen as a consequence of two variant perceptions of the purpose of the epistle. These are the Tests of Life (Salvation) and Tests of Fellowship (Practice of Life) views. The purpose of this article is to describe these views and how they are defended and to evaluate each view."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of 1 John 2:18-28

    "In the preceding portion of the epistle (1:5-2:17) John presented grounds for assurance through the test of fellowship. He wrote of the contrasts between light and darkness, truth and error, obedience and disobedience, things temporal and things eternal. In the long section beginning with 2:18 John turned to offer his readers assurance through the conflicts of faith (2:18-4:6). Assurance concerning one's Christian faith can be drawn from the nature of the enemies he encounters. John insisted that these enemies must be exposed for what they are and believers encouraged to understand the dangers they present and to defeat them with the spiritual equipment God has provided."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of 1 John 2:29-3:12

    "The conflict between the proponents of anti-Christian falsehood and the adherents to God's revelation in His Son (2:18-28) is now shown to be a conflict between the children of God and the children of the devil. The two classes are rigidly distinct in origin and practice. John presented true believers as children of God, characterized by the practice of righteousness and by love as the bond that holds the members of the family together."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of 1 John 3:13-24

    "The authenticity of the Christian gospel is established by the nature of the enemies it encounters. John's readers are given assurance through the varied aspects of the conflicts of faith being portrayed. The conflict between truth and falsehood, depicted in 1 John 2:18-28, was presented as a conflict between the children of God and the children of the devil in 2:29-3:12. Then in 3:13-24 John made clear that this moral conflict is experientially a conflict between God-prompted love and Satan-inspired hatred."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of 1 John 4:1-6

    "The first six verses of chapter 4 form a unit on the conflict between two spiritual realms... The conflict now presented forms the final aspect of the conflicts of the faith that John had been depicting since 2:18. He had already dealt with the conflict between truth and falsehood (2:18-28), the conflict between the children of God and the children of the devil (2:29-3:12), and the conflict between love and hatred (3:13-24). Now John marked the supernatural character of this conflict as ultimately involving 'the spirit of truth and the spirit of error.'"
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of 1 John 4:7-21

    "In 1 John 4:7-5:5, the third major division of the epistle, John presented an elaborate development of the nature and results of Christian love. In 2:7-11 he already noted that love is one of the signs of the believer's fellowship with God; in 3:13-24 he also portrayed the conflict between love and hatred as an assuring sign of a vital Christian faith. Now John noted that love is related to the very nature of God Himself. He spelled out the precise nature and the results of the love demanded of all true believers."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of 1 John 5:1-12

    "Beginning with 1 John 4:7 John launched into a discussion of the centrality of love in the Christian life as a ground for Christian assurance. In 4:7-16a he dealt with the nature of redeeming love, and in 4:16b-21 he presented the results of this love in human experience. The first five verses of chapter 5 are related to the concluding verses of chapter 4, for they draw out the relationship between true love for God and love for God's children. The presence and power of redeeming love assure the believer of his saving relationship with God."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of I John 1:5-2:6

    "Following the weighty and difficult opening paragraph (1:1-4), John launched into his discussion. It is exceedingly difficult to present a logical analysis of the body of the epistle (1:5-5:12). Attempts to analyze its contents are like attempts to analyze the face of the sky...Attempts to produce a logical analysis of its contents have yielded widely varying results.2 John's method was not that of syllogistic logic but of categorical affirmation. His thought moved in cycles rather than straight lines."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of I John 2:7-17

    "According to his stated purpose in 5:13, John wrote this epistle so that his readers "may know that you have eternal life." The epistle provides a series of tests that promote personal assurance of God's truth and salvation and enable believers to detect and reject the false teachings assailing them...John began with offering assurance through the test of fellowship grounded in the nature and revelation of God. This fellowship is grounded in the nature of God as light (1:5), is hindered by the presence and practice of sin (1:6-10), and is made possible by the redemptive work of Christ (2:1-2). In 2:3-17 John set forth a series of signs assuring that true fellowship with God is being maintained."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond

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    An Exposition of 1 John 1:1-4

    "The forceful simplicity of its utterances, the grand theological truths it portrays, and the unwavering ethical demands of its teaching have made 1 John a favorite with Christians everywhere. It is as vital and relevant today as it was when it was first written...This epistle does not display the regular features of a letter as seen in the models of contemporary correspondence; yet in the early listings of the New Testament books it was always classified as a "letter." Its contents indicate that it arose out of a definite life situation and was intended to meet the needs of its recipients."
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    Tan, Randall K. J.

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    Should We Pray for Straying Brethren? John's Confidence in 1 John 5:16-17

    "The confidence that Christians have in intercessory prayer (1 John 5:16– 17) flows from the confidence that they have in prayer to God (vv. 14–15). This much appears to be uncontroversial about the interpretation of 1 John 5:16–17. Most everything else is controversial. Contrary to John’s intent, it appears that interpretive difficulties in this passage, especially the identity of 'sin that leads to death,' have caused much confusion and uncertainty: for whom may Christians intercede and what kind of assurance may we have about the efficacy of our intercession?"