2 Corinthians

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    2 Corinthians


    2 Corinthians - World English Bible (WEB)

    This is an open source version of the bible based on the 1901 ASV (American Standard Version). This document may be freely distributed, there is no copyright on this translation.
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    Akin, Daniel L.


    Triumphalism, Suffering, and Spiritual Maturity: An Exposition of 2 Corinthians 12:1-10 in its Literary, Theological and Historical Context

    "Classically, 2 Corinthians has been divided into three major sections: chaps. 1-7, 8-9, and 10-13. Conceptually and stylistically challenging, 2 Corinthians 10-13 are perhaps the most intriguing chapters not only of this book, but of the entire Pauline corpus...The purpose of this study will be to analyze this text in light of its greater context biblically, historically, and theologically. A synthesizing and summarizing of present-day research and study will be the guiding principle which will be followed."
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    Bauckham, Richard J.


    Weakness - Paul's and Ours

    "2 Corinthians has for a long time seemed to me among the most impressive documents of early Christianity. When I need to remind myself that the Christian message is convincing - still convincing today in spite of our great chronological and cultural distance from its first-century origins - I turn as readily to 2 Corinthians as I do to the gospels, and cannot remember failing to be impressed. The key to this impressiveness I find in the insight 2 Corinthians gives us into the way Paul integrated his message and his life."
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    Blomberg, Craig L.


    The Structure of 2 Corinthians 1-7

    "Paul’s epistles are generally among the clearest of the NT writings to outline. After struggling to identify the principles which guided the gospel writers to arrange parallel pericopae in seemingly conflicting sequences, or after puzzling over the complex interplay of theology and ethics in Hebrews and most of the general epistles, the expositor breathes a sigh of relief when he comes to the letters of Paul...Second Corinthians, therefore, stands out all the more strikingly with its unparalleled lack of apparent structure and unity...The purpose of this paper is...to suggest what I believe is a new approach to the question of the outline of 1:12-7:16 and to point out the implications of such an outline for certain issues of interpretation and integrity."
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    Garland, David E.


    The Sufficiency of Paul, Minister of the New Covenant

    "W. C. Van Unnik calls 2 Corinthians 3 one of the most 'interesting portions' of Paul. As interesting as it might be, many who try to grasp the nuances of Paul's argument may feel at times that they have a veil over their minds. It is a passage fraught with exegetical perplexities. A. T. Hanson goes so far as to say that this is "the Mount Everest of Pauline texts as far as difficulty is concerned--or should we rather call it the sphinx among texts, since its difficulty lies in its enigmatic quality rather than its complexity?" In spite of its difficulties, this text gives us an entree into Paul's view of the ultimate significance of his ministry as a mediator of the New Covenant."
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    Gleason, Randall C.


    Paul's Covenantal Contrasts in 2 Corinthians 3:1-11

    "Paul's remarks in 2 Corinthians 3:1-11 have captured the interest of biblical scholars in several ways. Beginning with Origen and continuing through the Middle Ages, many theolo- gians justified going beyond the plain meaning of the 'letter' of Scripture to its allegorical 'spiritual' message by appealing to Paul's words, 'For the letter kills, but the Spirit gives life' (2 Cor. 3:6). Although in different fashion, some modern scholars persist in establishing their hermeneutical methodology on this key text...These issues will be addressed through this brief exposition of the covenantal contrasts in 2 Corinthians 3:1–11 in view of the historical background and argument of the epistle."
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    Kent, Homer A.


    The Glory of Christian Ministry: An Analysis of 2 Corinthians 2:14-4:18

    "The apostle Paul wrote in this passage about the activity that had captivated him. He was not attracted by any financial rewards, for it offered none to him. He gained from it no earthly pomp, no public prestige (except the respect of the Christians he had helped, and even this was mixed). He experienced abandonment and hatred that would demoralize most men. Nevertheless he was so enthralled with the privilege of Christian ministry that he made it his career and never found anything that could entice him away from this glorious passion of his life."
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    Melick, Richard R.


    The Collection for the Saints: 2 Corinthians 8-9

    "Through the various media, including the pulpit, many Christian spokespersons call for Christians to give of material resources for the advancement of their ministries. Often 2 Corinthians 8-9 forms the biblical basis for giving...At a deeper level, however, Paul speaks here of Christian brotherhood. While ostensibly the relief offering occupies the prominent place, the passage concerns the well-being of Christian brothers and sisters. It speaks to a Christian's world and life view, the reality of a spiritual tie that transcends physical dimensions, and the fulfilling of OT prophetic expectations."
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    Turner, David L.


    Paul and the Ministry of Reconciliation in 2 Cor. 5:11-6:2

    "The passage which is the object of this study is one of the most memorable sections of the NT. R. P. C. Hanson refers to it as 'one of the charters of the Christian ministry in the New Testament.'...Calvin's comment on 5:18 is also arresting: 'Here, if anywhere in Paul's writings, we have a quite remarkably important passage and we must carefully examine the words one by one.' While the present author is in sympathy with Calvin's remarks about the necessity of carefully studying this remarkable passage, this study does not examine its words one by one. Rather the goal is to develop Paul's teaching on reconciliation in the literary context of 2 Corinthians."
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    Young, Brad H.


    The Ascension Motif of 2 Corinthians 12 in Jewish Christian and Gnostic Texts

    "The heavenly ascent motif is common in religious documents of late antiquity. A preoccupation with the similarities between these accounts leads some to overlook the equally important differences. Care should be taken, however, to distinguish between mystical esotericism and extraordinary religious encounter. Earlier Jewish traditions provide the proper context for understanding Paul's visions and revelations; certain Gnostic texts evidence yet another distinct stage of development in the ascension motif But thematic parallels do not warrant the assumption that various religious traditions are basically identical in origins. And parallels should not lead to indiscriminate grouping of essentially unrelated texts."