Against the Conflict Thesis

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    Barr, Stephen M.

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    Retelling the Story of Science

    "We often hear of a conflict between religion and science. Is there one? Certainly, some religious beliefs are scientifically untenable...What many take to be a conflict between religion and science is really something else. It is a conflict between religion and materialism. Materialism regards itself as scientific, and indeed is often called 'scientific materialism,' even by its opponents, but it has no legitimate claim to be part of science. It is, rather, a school of philosophy, one defined by the belief that nothing exists except matter, or, as Democritus put it, 'atoms and the void'.”
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    Boyce, Kenneth A.

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    Do Science and Chrisitianity Conflict?

    "The first area that I would like to take a look at is the area of history. Historically, have science and Christianity been enemies of each other? At times, they have seemed to be. I'm sure that all of us are aware of what happened to Galileo, how he was ordered to be silent by the church for teaching that the earth revolves around the sun, and placed under house arrest. Overall, though, many modern scholars believe that the answer to this question, despite the popular view that the church has always been in conflict with science, is no."
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    Dimery, Richard

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    A Critical Assessment of the ‘Conflict Thesis.’

    "...I perceive the conflict thesis of the relationship between science and religion to be fatally flawed, and have aimed to portray it as such in my analysis here. Although there have been instances of conflict between particular members of the scientific and religious communities, these are often not as simple as first we may believe, and often are really debates about religious or scientific issues. Such instances are by no means sufficient to generate an overarching thesis of necessary conflict between the two disciplines."
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    Fredericks, Sarah E.

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    A Brief History of Science and Religion in the West

    "The history of science and religion in the Western world is a complex one, especially since science and religion as we think of them today were not distinct disciplines for much of history. This article traces a part of this intricate history beginning with the Ancient Greeks. It also highlights contributions made by Muslims in the Middle Ages, examines new ideas of the cosmos set forth in the 15th and 16th centuries, and outlines developments in natural history that set the stage for Darwin’s theories. A contemporary schema, set forth by Ian Barbour, is suggested as one way to think about the various positions currently used to relate science and religion."
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    Hannam, James

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    The Mythical Conflict between Science and Religion

    "The conflict between science and religion is an acceptable cliché which crops up all over the place...Articles in magazines and on the internet all assume that this conflict exists, has always existed and that science has been winning. Most popular histories of science view all the evidence through this lens without ever stopping to think that there might be another side to the story. But turn from popular culture to the academy and we would find a rather different picture...I want to examine two questions in this article. Firstly, if the conflict hypothesis has been rejected by practically every scholar in the field, why is there such a rift between academic opinion and popular perception? And secondly, what is the real picture?"
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    Howe, Richard G.

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    Some Thoughts on Galileo and the So-Called Conflict of Science and Religion

    "While it is the case that the distinctions between religion, government, science, and many other facets of the society of Galileo's day are not easily made, and are surely not as clear cut as my summary of Hummel's characterization here might suggest, it nevertheless remains that it is wrong to claim that religion as such, or Christianity in particular, was the impediment to science that some think. If we learn anything from history, it is that a given philosophy and the hold it may have over the science of any given generation is more likely to expedite or hamper good science."
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    Hutchinson, Ian H.

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    Warfare and Wedlock: Redeeming the Faith-Science Relationship

    "The interaction of science and faith has most popularly been portrayed for over 100 years as Warfare. This characterization, perhaps plausible as a competition between world views, and certainly a convenient simplification for rabble rousers in both camps, is a travesty of the logical and historical relationships that actually exist between these areas of life. This talk seeks to give a sound intellectual basis for understanding the distinction between science, which grew from the fertile soil of a Christian view of creation, and scientism the philosophical position that science is all the true knowledge there is. Christianity does indeed repudiate scientism, but a case can be made that science is already meaningfully Christian, recognizing the foundational values that science and faith hold in common."
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    Lindberg, David C. and Ronald L. Numbers

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    Beyond War and Peace: A Reappraisal of the Encounter between Christianity and Science

    " During the last third of the nineteenth century Andrew Dickson White and others used military metaphors to describe the historical relationship between science and Christianity. Recent scholarship, however, has shown the 'warfare' thesis to be a gross distortion-as this paper attempts to reveal, employing illustrations from the patristic and medieval periods and from the Copernican and Darwinian debates. The authors argue that the interaction between science and Christianity was far too rich and varied to be covered by any simple formula."
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    Padgett, Alan G.

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    Science and Theology

    "This article covers the historical and conceptual relationships between Western science and Christian thought, especially theology. As we shall see, these relationships have moved in both directions, with theology providing foundational assumptions for certain key scientists, and scientific discoveries challenging theology to revisit and revise its conclusions on several matters relating to a Christian understanding of the world, especially the doctrine of creation."
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    Plantinga, Alvin

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    Religion and Science

    "The relation between these two great cultural forces has been tumultuous, many-faceted, and confusing. This entry will concentrate on the relation between science and the theistic religions: Christianity, Judaism, Islam and theistic varieties of Hinduism and Buddhism, where theism is the belief that there is an all-powerful, all-knowing perfectly good immaterial person who has created the world, has created human beings ‘in his own image,’ and to whom we owe worship, obedience and allegiance. There are many important issues and questions in this neighborhood; this entry concentrates on just a few. Perhaps the most salient question is whether the relation between religion and science is characterized by conflict or by concord. (Of course it is possible that there be both conflict and concord: conflict along certain dimensions, concord along others.) This question will be the central focus of what follows."
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    Samples, Kenneth R.

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    The Historical Alliance of Christianity and Science

    "Conflicts between scientific theories and the Christian faith have arisen through the centuries, to be sure. However, the level of conflict has often been exaggerated, and Christianity's positive influence on scientific progress is seldom acknowledged. I would like to turn the tables by arguing for Christianity's compatibility with - and furtherance of scientific endeavor and arguing against the compatibility of naturalism and science."