Atonement: "Christian doctrine that Christ has in some way solved the problems created by human sinfulness, especially the problem of alienation from God. All Christians affirm the reality of the atonement, but no one theory of atonement has found universal acceptance. The most accepted theories include moral influence theories, satisfaction theories and Pena- substitution theories."
Evans, C. (2002) Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.