Dead Sea Scrolls

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    Black, Matthew

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    The Dead Sea Scrolls and Christian Doctrine

    "The Dead Sea scrolls ‘are documents of prime importance for the understanding of the New Testament and present a challenge which Christian scholars will neglect at their peril’. The relevance and importance of the scrolls for the study of Christian beginnings, doctrinal as well as historical, is now widely recognized...The scrolls are important for Christian doctrine: but there is a very real danger that this importance may be exaggerated, and a distorted, even false, picture given of their doctrines as well as their dates. I may add that I am also acutely aware of the difficulties and complexities of the subject; and these I do not think can be exaggerated."
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    Bruce, F. F.

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    The Teacher of Righteousness in the Qumran Texts

    "‘The Teacher of Righteousness’ is the name given in a number of the lately discovered Qumran documents to a man who was held in high veneration by the religious community on whose beliefs and practices these documents have thrown so much light. If he was not actually the founder of the community, it was certainly he who impressed upon it those features which distinguished it from other pious groups which flourished among the Jews during the last two or three centuries of the Second Commonwealth. So far as we can gather from our present sources of information, he is never referred to by his personal name in the Qumran texts."
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    Bruce, F. F.

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    Second Thoughts On The Dead Sea Scrolls

    "Some years ago I wrote a little book entitled The Dawn of Christianity―published in Great Britain as a volume in 'The Second Thoughts Library' and in the United States as Part I of The Spreading Flame. I cannot find in it any reference to the Dead Sea Scrolls. News of the Scrolls was slowly being released at the time when that book was being written, but at that time it did not seem likely that the new knowledge would make much of a contribution to the study of Christian origins. Today the situation is quite different. In the eyes of many, the new discoveries have brought about a revolution in our understanding of Christian origins."
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    Bruce, F. F.

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    Biblical Exegesis in the Qumram Texts

    "Among the hundreds of documents found in the caves of Qumran during the past ten years there is one distinctive group which comprises commentaries on a variety of biblical texts...The presence of such works in the library at Qumran is not surprising when we consider how devotedly the members of the Qumran community gave themselves to the study of the sacred scriptures. Evidence of their study and interpretation of these scriptures is not confined to the commentaries we have mentioned. The large number of copies of biblical books suggests the important part that these played in the studies of the sect, and sometimes these copies provide an indication of the way in which a text was interpreted. Most of the other books found in the caves quote and apply biblical texts as they deal with the beliefs and practices of the sect. Their interpretation of these texts can be classified under several recognizable categories―allegorical, moral, and so forth. But the kind of interpretation found in the commentaries is introduced to the reader under the name pesher, and indeed the commentaries themselves have come to be referred to as pĕshārīm. It is with this kind of interpretation that we are concerned in this chapter."
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    Evans, Craig A.

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    The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Jewishness of the Gospels

    "The Jewishness of the Gospels is seen at many points...The geography, topography, and demography of the Jesus story are thoroughly Jewish...Not only is Jesus, the central figure of the Gospels, thoroughly Jewish, the Gospels themselves are Jewish to the core...The Dead Sea Scrolls have greatly added to our understanding and appreciation of the Gospels as Jewish literature... Significant parallels between them and the Christian Gospels should go a long way in confirming the contention here that the Gospels are thoroughly Jewish, even if at points they are at variance with aspects of temple and scribal Judaism as it existed prior to 70 C.E."
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    Lameter, Christoph

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    The Dead Sea Scrolls and the Bible

    "The events of the first century AD were very important for the development of the following centuries. Christianity has its origins in this highly relevant time. We would like to know much more about that time, but until recently our sources were very limited. Through the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls a new light has been shed on that time and through the material gathered from the Caves around the Dead Sea our understanding of the historical background and the texts of the Old and New Testament has been significantly enhanced. The following paper gives an overview on the impact of the Dead Sea Scrolls on biblical Studies."
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    Rowley, H. H.

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    Jewish Apocalyptic and the Dead Sea Scrolls

    "In the present lecture it has been my purpose to add one more line of approach in the links between the messianic and apocalyptic thought of the Scrolls with the events and writings of the second century B.C. To have dealt exclusively with that restricted question, without reference to the other lines of approach, would have been unsatisfactory, since this evidence must be integrated with the other evidence at our disposal before its full weight can be realized. It is that integration which I have here attempted, and it seems to me to contribute materially to a case which on other grounds I have found to be strong."