Faith & History

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    Dorman,Tedd M.

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    Holy Spirit, History, Hermeneutics and Theology: Toward An Evangelical / Catholic Consensus

    "This essay seeks to explore what role the Holy Spirit plays in the work of hermeneutics and theology and how understanding the work of the Spirit may produce more fruitful results in the ongoing dialogue between evangelicals and Roman Catholics. I shall begin by arguing that the Holy Spirit, while not providing a hot line to heaven that conveys additional data to the interpreter of Scripture, nevertheless has an indispensable role in the Church’s endeavor to understand who God is and what he requires of us. I shall then briefly explore the relationship between exegesis, Biblical theology, historical theology and dogmatics and how I believe the Spirit relates to each area of inquiry. I shall conclude with two case studies, one dealing with doctrine and the other with ethics."
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    Guelich, Robert A.

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    The Gospels: Portraits of Jesus and His Ministry

    "The changes in gospel studies during the past thirty years have been very subtle and remain far from pervasive within evangelical circles. The goal of this paper is twofold: to highlight the change in perspective regarding the gospels, and to underscore the significant implications of this change for three specific areas of Biblical theology vital to evangelical concerns."
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    Hagner, Donald A.

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    Interpreting the Gospels: The Landscape and the Quest

    "At the heart of the gospel is the bold assertion that in Jesus Christ eternity has intersected time. Christianity is unique among the religions of the world not only in proclaiming that God has acted and revealed himself in history but that God has indeed entered history in his Son. The fact that God has manifested himself in time and space--this itself the culmination of many centuries of anticipation and preparation in the history of Israel--constitutes the center of the Church's faith. This sacred history (the incarnation and complex of events surrounding it) has become the glory of Christianity. The historical truth of the NT writings is therefore the sine qua non of our faith. Our stake in the historical veracity of these writings could be no greater."
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    Johnson, Alan F.

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    The Historical-Critical Method: Egyptian Gold or Pagan Precipice?

    "After thirty-four years the Evangelical Theological Society has decided to address in a full annual meeting the question of historical and Biblical criticism. Some feel that the more direct attention is long overdue. Others are uneasy, fearing that an unhealthy compromise borne by the winds of modernity is in the offering. Rather than present a new theory, I want to summarize and to offer an opinion and a challenge to evangelicals in this crucial and volatile area. I want to ask a simple question...Is the historical-crtical method of interpreting Scripture 'Egyptian gold' that, though everywhere 'perversely and injuriously abused,' ultimately derives from the 'mines of divine Providence'? Or is the method part of these 'grave burdens' and 'superstitious imaginings' of the pagans, which 'each one of us leaving the society of pagans under the leadership of Christ ought to abominate and avoid'? Is the historical-critical method Egyptian gold or a pagan precipice?"
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    Osborne, Grant R.

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    Historical Criticism and the Evangelical

    "Since the inception of historical criticism (hereafter HC) in the post- Enlightenment period of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, conservatives and evangelicals have wrestled with their relationship to this discipline. Due to its origins in rationalism and anti-supernaturalism, it has been a stormy relationship...In America scholars like Charles Hodge and Benjamin Warfield in theology and J. Gresham Machen and O. T. Allis in biblical studies fought valiantly for a high view of Scripture along with a critical awareness of issues. However, in none of these conservative scholars do we find a wholesale rejection of critical tools."