General Letters

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    Guthrie, Donald

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    The Pastoral Epistles and the Mind of Paul

    "...[W]e must consider what kind of Paul is presented in all the Pauline Corpus (including these three Epistles) and then to determine whether this picture is a psychological probability. Quite obviously our conception of ‘what we know of Paul’ will be conditioned by our presuppositions; but there is no logical justification for assuming...that the liberal approach of excluding the Pastorals from our presuppositions is any more scientific than the traditional method of including them. Our plan of procedure, therefore, will be to demonstrate, not only the psychological ‘possibility’ or ‘probability’ of the Paul presented by the thirteen letters, but also to show the psychological problems involved in any pseudonymous explanation of the Pastoral Epistles."
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    Porter, Stanley E.

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    Pauline Authorship and the Pastoral Epistles: A Response to R. W. Wall’s Response

    "Robert Wall and I clearly disagree regarding the priority of historical and theological criteria that determined the final canonical shape of the New Testament. Wall, while recognizing that my approach is historical, essentially brackets out such concerns and pursues theological issues. I, on the other hand, believe that theological issues then and now have played too large a role in the issue of canon, and consequently believe that historical criteria must take priority. This is necessary in order to ensure that theological conclusions are grounded in historical reality."
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    Porter, Stanley E.

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    Pauline Authorship and the Pastoral Epistles: Implications for Canon

    "The question of authorship usually dominates discussions of the states of the Pastoral Epistles in the New Testament canon. A number of factors have often been suggested as important to consider. chronology, epistolary format, style, content, and theology. This paper’s concern is not ultimately to adjudicate the issue of authorship, but to examine some of the evidence, and then to raise some questions regarding canon that are suggested by the conclusions."
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    Skarsaune, Oskar

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    Heresy and the Pastoral Epistles

    "In antiquity, the term hairesis was not a negative concept - it meant quite simply a party or a school tradition, especially as applied to the different schools of philosophy. Used like this, hairesis is a neutral or even a positive word, and Josephus applies it in this way to the different parties among the Jews. It is also applied in this way in several instances by the author of Acts. There was, however, one aspect of Jewish and Christian self-understanding which implied negative connotations for the term. This aspect is the notion of the one, undivided people of God. Within the one people of God, a real people, there should be no parties or competing schools. This holds true for the early Christian self-understanding, and in Paul we observe how hairesis and schisma are put together as terms describing the serious sin of destroying the unity of the body of Christ."
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    Wall, Robert W.

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    Pauline Authorship and the Pastoral Epistles: A Response to S. E. Porter

    "This brief essay suggests an alternative to modern critical orthodoxy which equates historical authorship with canonicity. Rather than settling the issue of authorship on historical grounds, a canonical approach shifts the reference point of exegesis to the biblical Sitz im Leben, where authorship of a document posits it in an authoritative theological tradition. In this case, the Pauline address of the Pastorals locates these letters within (and not outside) the Pauline corpus and so supplies additional details and perspective to the authorized (i.e., canonical) witness of Paul for today’s church."
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    Weima, Jeffrey A. D.

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    The Pauline Letter Closings: Analysis and Hermeneutical Significance

    "The contention of this article is that the Pauline letter closings are carefully constructed units, shaped and adapted in such way that they relate directly to—sometimes, in fact, even summarize— the major concerns and themes taken up in the bodies of their respective letters. Consequently, the letter closings aid in important ways our understanding of Paul's purpose, arguments and exhortation. The article begins by evaluating the reasons why the Pauline letter closings have been ignored in the past and offers in response suggestive comments about their potential significance. This claimed significance of the Pauline letter closings is then established by examining one of the closing conventions (the peace benediction) as it occurs in two of Paul’s letters (1 Thess 5:23-24; Gal 6:16)."