General Philosophy of Science

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    Brand, Leonard R.

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    A Biblical Perspective on the Philosophy of Science

    "Philosophy of science, the understanding of how the scientific process works, has changed over time. The positivist philosophy had rather rigid ideas of how science confirms theories and demarcates the dividing line between science and non-science. This philosophy has given way to a more sophisticated view of science, which recognizes the weaving together of the careful, rational scientific process with the inevitable human choice of judgement that is involved in choosing experiments or hypotheses and in interpreting evidence. Science is a continuing search that makes progress but never reaches absolute truth. This leaves open the door to suggest that religious factors can legitimately interface with science, if the interaction is done carefully, to avoid hidden pitfalls."
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    Haarsma, Loren

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    Christianity as a Foundation for Science

    "The basic theories of science, the 'laws of nature,' do not explicitly refer to God. Some scientists, and some students, incorrectly conclude that science is methodologically atheistic. However, a biblical view of God not only motivates us to do science, but also provides us a philosophical foundation for expecting to find regular patterns of cause and effect in nature. A scientific understanding in terms of natural laws does not exclude God; rather, it teaches us about God’s governance of creation. Scientific knowledge is placed in a context of faithfully living for God."
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    Holcomb, Justin S.

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    Knowledge Falsely So-called: The Theological Case Against Scientific Realism

    "The Christian can be confident in a discussion on the nature and use of science, precisely because the Christian theistic worldview can provide the necessary preconditions for the intelligibility of scientific inquiry...The non-theistic scientist is able to avoid utter nihilism and skepticism in science only by being inconsistent with their own worldview and borrowing some elements of God's revelation."
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    Koons, Robert C.

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    Science and Theism: Concord, not Conflict

    "It is widely held that the belief in supernatural entities, like God and the soul, is incompatible with a modern, scientific viewpoint...I will argue that, contrary to the popular view, the past success of science supports the truth of theism, and that the future success of science will depend on the perseverance of theistic conviction."
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    Ratzsch, Del

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    Humanness in Their Hearts: Where Science and Religion Fuse

    "Definitive and constitutive features of our humanness not only lie at but comprise part of the very core of both science and religion (or at least the core of our cognitive faculties underpinning both). In fact, some of exactly the same human factors are constitutive in both cases. And some of those factors are not religiously peripheral, but are precisely among those traditionally taken to be definitive (often pejoratively so) of specifically religious belief and commitment. Scientific thought rests on an agent-shaped foundational terrain which constitutes part of the structure of scientific thought, and that structure (and whatever content it drives) partially configures scientific theories."
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    Ratzsch, Del

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    Cradled Science: Examining the Cosmos in the Context of Faith

    "Few things have changed human history more profoundly than the rise, growth, and products--both conceptual and practical--of the natural sciences. Yet despite science's important role in modern Western history and culture, the near reverence with which its capabilities are sometimes held, contemporary culture does not completely understand science's theories, its capacities, its limitations, or its basic character. But since science has significant worldview implications, the Christian community--and especially Christian educators--must not be casually unreflective about science."
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    Touryan, Kenell J.

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    Are Truth Claims in Science Socially Constructed?

    "In a prize-winning book of essays entitled Golem: What Everyone Should Know About Science, sociologists Collins and Pinch claim that the establishment of scientific truth is a cultural process rather than the consequence of the accumulation of facts about the natural world.1 The postmodern credo is that neither reason nor revelation gives us objective truth. Even truth claims in science are socially constructed by producing agreement among experts. The positive aspect of this approach to science is its refusal to champion the triumphalism of "scientific fundamentalism." Postmodernism, however, becomes pernicious when it leads to the conclusion that objective truth in science is a cultural artifact (to say nothing about the truth claims of Christianity)."
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    Worthing, Mark W.

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    Assumptions of Science and the Christian Tradition

    "...[T]here are the formal assumptions developed through a succession of philosophers of science who have sought to understand precisely what it is that science is and does. The history of science in general, as well as the histories of the particular fields of science, illustrate the reasons that these particular assumptions work better than other sets of assumptions. On the other hand, we are confronted with the great majority of those actually working within the various fields of the sciences today who appear not only happily unaware of many of these assumptions, but are in fact quite often committed to another set of assumptions that can best be described as informal or ‘folk’ science."