General Science & Biblical Interpretation

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    Carroll, William E.

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    Creation, Evolution, and Thomas Aquinas

    "Aquinas' firm adherence to the truth of Scripture without falling into the trap of literalistic readings of the text offers valuable correction for exegesis of the Bible which concludes that one must choose between the literal interpretation of the Bible and modern science. For Aquinas, the literal meaning of the Bible is what God, its ultimate author, intends the words to mean. The literal sense of the text includes metaphors, similes, and other figures of speech useful to accommodate the truth of the Bible to the understanding of its readers...Aquinas, following the lead of Augustine, thinks that the natural sciences serve as a kind of veto in biblical interpretation. Augustine observed that when discussing passages of the Bible that refer, or seem to refer, to natural phenomena one should defer to the authority of the sciences, when available, to show what the text cannot mean."
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    Lucas, Ernest

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    Science and the Bible: Are They Incompatible?

    "The point of this discussion is to highlight the fact that from the beginning the emphasis of the Christian doctrine of creation, following the emphasis of the Bible, has been on the relationship between God and the world. Questions about how or when God created the world have been secondary issues. When the early theologians came up with the formula that ‘God created the world out of nothing’ they did so as a way of expressing the God-world relationship in theistic terms over against pantheism and dualism. For them, the importance of the statement was that it makes clear that God and the world are separate, that the world is not made out of eternally existing matter, and that the world only exists because God chose to create it."
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    Murphy, George L.

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    Couldn't God Get It Right?

    "Theologians and scientists have made a great deal of progress in relating their fields during the past twenty-five years. Many Christians have gotten past the old 'warfare' model of the relationship between science and religion and can relate modern discoveries about the world with doctrines about creation and God’s action in the world in positive ways. This helps the church to proclaim the gospel in a scientific world and provides guidance for decisions with which science-based technology confronts us. But there remains a problem, one exploited by influential 'creationists' and which is a stumbling block for non-Christians when they consider Christianity. Prominent biblical texts dealing with the origin and properties of the world seem, from a modern standpoint, to be incorrect."
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    Plantinga, Alvin

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    When Faith and Reason Clash: Evolution and the Bible

    "My question is simple: how shall we Christians deal with apparent conflicts between faith and reason, between what we know as Christians and what we know in other ways, between teaching of the Bible and the teachings of science? As a special case, how shall we deal with apparent conflicts between what the Bible initially seems to tell us about the origin and development of life, and what contemporary science seems to tell us about it?"
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    Poythress, Vern S.

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    Redeeming Science: A God-Centered Approach

    "With doctorates in both New Testament and mathematics, and with a solid commitment to orthodox Reformed theology, Vern Poythress is uniquely qualified to write on the theology of science. Further, he is one of the most insightful theologians writing today. As you read this book, you will be amazed at the ways in which a biblical perspective illumines the work of science. Poythress deals, of course, with all the traditional science-Bible issues, like the days of Genesis. But he also shows that a biblical worldview is essential to the work of science itself, for scientific law can be nothing other than the law of the God of Scripture. This is by far the most important book you can read on this subject. I recommend it without reservation.” —John Frame
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    Schneider, Robert J.

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    Does the Bible Teach Science?

    "...[M]any believers have been persuaded that the Bible does teach science...they read it as if it were a science textbook, and defend it as a source of scientific knowledge that is valid today. For many, the Bible's reliability in matters of science is so critical that they will argue, 'If I can't believe the Bible when it talks about science (or creation), then how can I believe it when it talks about Jesus Christ and my salvation?' I want to respond to this question by first considering the important issue of biblical inspiration and authority, and then the related and no less important distinction between inspiration and interpretation. Then I shall argue that this is the wrong question."
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    Sewell, Keith C.

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    The Bible, Science and Scholarship

    "In this short paper,...I am going to discuss very briefly the relationship between the bible — its teaching and authority — and the carrying out of our tasks as scientists and scholars. I will endeavour to indicate that there is a truly Reformed alternative to the positions adopted by both fundamentalists and liberals. I am not going to discuss specific questions such as how we are to understand and appropriate the creation and flood narratives in the book of Genesis. I'm not presuming to rule such discussions as being off-limits or too controversial. We should be able to discuss anything. In this paper, however, I want to examine what should be our understanding of biblical authority as we come to such discussions."