Introduction to Arguments for the Existence of God

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info.gif Theistic Arguments: "Arguments for the existence of God, as God is understood by theists. Such arguments may be intended as proofs or merely as arguments that confirm or increase the probability or plausibility of belief that God exists. Some of the most important theistic arguments include the ontological argument, the cosmological argument, the teleological argument and the moral argument."

Evans, C. (2002) Pocket Dictionary of Apologetics & Philosophy of Religion. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

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    Swinburne, Richard

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    "Philosophical Theism", Chapter 1 of Philosophy of Religion in the 21st Century

    "I shall understand by ‘philosophical theism’ the programme of giving a clear coherent account of the nature of God (broadly consonant with what has been believed about him by Christian, Islamic and Jewish thinkers of the past two millennia), and providing cogent arguments for the existence of such a God. Providing arguments – or, more loosely, reasons – for the existence of God has been a concern of many theologians of the Christian tradition...How is it pursued today and what are its prospects? A lot of very thorough, detailed and rigorous work has been done with the aid of all the tools of analytical philosophy in attempting to clarify what would be involved in there being a God, and attempting to show the claim that there is a God to be coherent or incoherent. As regards positive arguments for the existence of God, different philosophers of today have revived different kinds of argument from the past."
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    Williams, Peter S.

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    Arguments for the Existence of God

    "Arguments for God work by making explicit the existence of real connections between God and Creation, so that one is put in the position of having to choose between acknowledging the conclusion or rejecting either the validity of the argument or the truth of one of the relevant premises. An argument for God places God in one balance pan and some other aspect of reality in the other pan and tries to establish a link between them such that the weight of the evidence raises the case for belief. There is nothing that cannot be used as the launch-point for an argument for the existence of God because God is related to the whole of reality."