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    Burns, John A.


    James, The Wisdom of Jesus

    "When the Epistle of James is studied, it is regarded as a book of wisdom. But what kind of wisdom is it? With what biblical parallels can it be connected? Given that it is practical, with what matters does it register concern? Does it speak directly to all mankind or is it specifically directed to the believer? Are the issues that presented themselves to the 1st century church pertinent for this century? It is the intention of this article to speak to the foregoing questions."
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    Davids, Peter H.


    Theological Perspectives on the Epistle of James

    "Even to begin to write about a theology discovered in the epistle of James takes a little boldness, for Martin Dibelius denied just such a possibility in his commentary...The age of the string-of-pearls conception of the letter is past, and its essential theological unity is ready for exploration. Furthermore, at least one author has found a literary form--that of the literary or secondary letter with a doubled introduction--into which the epistle as a whole fits. It is this overall form that will give us a basis for extracting the theological massage of the epistle, however limited our survey must be."
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    Dockery, David S.


    True Piety in James: Ethical Admonitions and Theological Implications

    "In the most practical book in the NT, we might expect to find a consistent exposition of ethical principles. But James does not present a systematic treatise. In fact, the subjects that are treated are quite different from the dominant ethical injunctions in other parts of the NT. Distinctive is the fact that his entire letter is occupied with ethical admonitions and is not intertwined with doctrinal passages in the pattern of Paul's letters. Our purpose in this essay is to survey briefly the major ethical admonitions in James and thus discover his understanding of true piety."
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    Dyrness, William


    Mercy Triumphs Over Justice: James 2:13 and the Theology of Faith and Works

    "Ever since Luther’s Prefaces to the New Testament (1522) the book of James has suffered a great deal of abuse at the hands of Bible scholars...At the same time recent advances in New Testament studies have illuminated many aspects of the setting and character of the epistle...We hope to show that a closer attention to James’ actual intention will help us overcome some of the supposed difficulties of interpretation. James is writing then a practical treatise for Jewish Christians, not only in Jerusalem, but throughout the Roman empire. He writes about AD 60, just before the first severe persecution breaks upon the Church, but at a time when behaviour within the community and its attitude toward those outside have already become a problem."
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    Heide, Gale Z.


    The Soteriology of James 2:14

    "In the contemporary debate concerning salvific essentials, James 2:14 has served as a focal point for discussion. In the following study, the endeavor is made to allow the context of James to provide the key indicators on how saving faith should here be understood. The eternal ramifications of James 2:14 are most evident when the intent of James is discussed as it relates to the audience he has in mind. James is not merely concerned with some type of temporal blessing in 2:14. Instead, he is burdened over the very eternal existence of some people who are in his pastoral care."
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    Hiebert, D. Edmond


    The Unifying Theme of the Epistle of James

    "The Epistle of James is notoriously difficult to outline. This is confirmed by the great diversity of the outlines which have been proposed. They range all the way from two1 to twenty-five major divisions. The epistle itself does not herald any clear structural plan concerning the organization of its contents...'The testing of your faith' (1:3) seems to be the key which James left hanging at the front door, intended to unlock the contents of the book. This writer proposes that tests of a living faith is indeed the unifying theme of the epistle and that it provides ready access to its contents."
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    Howard, Tracy L.


    Suffering in James 1:2-12

    "How should the Christian respond to suffering? What is its purpose for the believer? Will there ever be a resolution to this predicament? In Jas 1:2-12, the writer addresses the issue of suffering and attempts to answer some of the questions facing Christians as they live as pilgrims in this present evil age. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to offer a brief exegetical study of Jas 1:2-12 and extract several biblical principles for responding to suffering which were true not only for the original audience but which are equally valid for believers today."
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    James - World English Bible (WEB)

    This is an open source version of the bible based on the 1901 ASV (American Standard Version). This document may be freely distributed, there is no copyright on this translation.
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    Longenecker, Richard N.


    The "Faith of Abraham" Theme in Paul, James and Hebrews: A Study in the Circumstantial Nature of New Testament Teaching

    "The theme of the faith of Abraham is employed by three different NT writers in three quite different ways: by Paul in Galatians 3 and Romans 4, by James in chap. 2, and by the writer to the Hebrews in chap. 11. What I would like to do here is to focus attention on the varied treatments of this theme in the NT, spelling out its circumstantial employment and suggesting some implications that can be drawn for our understanding of the Christian message and for our Christian ministries today. By 'circumstantial' I do not mean to suggest 'incidental,' 'inferential' or 'unessential,' as the word sometimes connotes. Rather, I have in mind 'that which relates to and is dependent upon the circumstances for its specific thrust and form.'"
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    Rakestraw, Robert V.


    James 2:14-26: Does James Contradict the Pauline Soteriology

    "A perennially difficult issue in the epistle of James is the author's treatment of faith, works, and justification in Jas 2:14-26. The paragraph is difficult to interpret not only because of the complexity of the language and argument itself, but also because of James' seeming contradiction with the soteriological emphasis of Paul. Does James contradict Paul regarding the basis on which God justifies sinners? Does Paul contradict James? Are there two equally-valid ways of justification set forth in the NT--a way of faith and a way of works...?"
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    Sloan, Robert B.


    The Christology of James

    "To do research on the book of James is to weary of reading Luther's dictum about its being a "right strawy epistle." That remark not only tells us more about Luther than it does the book of James, but it has influenced the interpretation of this epistle since the time of the Reformation...But James must be appreciated in its own right. It does not show its best colors against the background of a Lutheran-style Paulinism. The so-called problems of the theology and/or Christology of the book of James are, it seems to me, more matters of the paradigms and methods with which it is examined than its supposed sub-Christian qualities. Seen, for example, in connection with other NT books such as Matthew and Hebrews (to say nothing of Paul under a better light) the book of James acquires a better field from which its own hues may be perceived."
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    Stein, Robert H.


    “Saved by Faith [Alone]” in Paul Versus “Not Saved by Faith Alone” in James

    "In contrast to Romans 3:28 where Paul states, 'For we maintain that a man is justified by faith apart from works of the Law,' James writes in 2:24, 'You see that a man is justified by works and not by faith alone.' As a result, the relationship between faith, works, and justification in the teachings of Paul and James have been much debated...The present article will explore the argument of James in 2:14-26 with the purpose of seeing if he and Paul are indeed in disagreement."
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    Warden, Duane


    The Rich and Poor in James: Implications for Institutionalized Partiality

    "The study will proceed as follows: (1) It will offer a brief analysis of the book of James with attention to passages that deal with the rich and the poor. (2) It will explore the message of James for its consistency with teaching found elsewhere in the Bible. (3) It will examine the implications of these statements for the way Christians ought to speak and act when confronted with wealth, status, and power on the one hand, or poverty, ignorance, and helplessness on the other."
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    Wells, C. Richard


    The Theology of Prayer in James

    "One of the strangest and saddest omissions in modern theology is prayer...Whatever accounts for this degree of neglect may also explain the near oblivion to prayer as a major theme in the Epistle of James...The centrality of prayer in James provides the impetus for this article. The first section of the article will relate prayer to the overall purpose of the Letter. Detailed exegesis of the three prayer passages in James will constitute the second section. The final section will analyze the theology of Prayer in James in a more technical fashion."