Miscellaneous Arguments for the Existence of God

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    Baird, James

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    God and Gödel: Gödelian Incompleteness in Mathematics and the Confirmation of Theism

    "In what follows, I want to show that Gödel's results also change the way that humans must look at themselves and the world in which they live. Gödel's incompleteness theorems make the philosophical position of naturalism untenable because they imply that human rationality is forever out of reach of complete scientific explanation. Because of this result, Gödel's theorems aid Richard Swinburne's rigorous Bayesian confirmation of theism. They remove an important objection to Swinburne's approach, and they also make available the existence of human rationality itself as another piece of evidence for the hypothesis that God exists and is the creator and sustainer of the world."
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    Bohn, James G.

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    Beyond the Fire of Prometheus: The Capacity for Human Speech: Empirical Evidence of the Image of God

    "The theological concept of the Imago Dei should delineate a radical difference between human beings and all other creatures on earth. The purpose of this paper is to explore whether some aspect of the Image of God is empirically observable. Specifically, is the capacity for speech evidence of the Image of God in human beings?"
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    Byl, John

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    Theism & Mathematical Realism

    "This paper examines connections between theism and mathematical realism. Mathematical realism, which offers the best account of mathematics, strongly supports theism. Theism, in turn, supports mathematical realism. Theism readily explains the intricate relations between mathematics, matter, and mind. The attributes of the biblical God provide a justification for classical mathematics."
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    Johnson, Jeffery L. and Joyclynn Potter

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    The Argument from Language and the Existence of God

    "We want to put forward for consideration and assessment some potential evidence for the God of Western theism. Our evidence is a special case of the teleological argument, but we believe that the particular sort of structure, order, and purpose we focus on has an as yet unrecognized value to natural theologians. Some philosophers of religion have recently focused attention on unique mental features of human beings— consciousness and moral reasoning come immediately to mind.1 As difficult as it is to account for these cognitive processes from a completely naturalistic perspective, human language ability may present an even more challenging case for the secular naturalist."
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    Pruss, Alexander R.

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    Altruism, Teleology and God

    "There is a long tradition of arguments for the existence of God. Early examples include Aristotle’s cosmological argument in Book Lambda of the Metaphysics, arguing that if there is change, there must be at least one unchanging and perfect being that originates all change, while the first chapter of Romans and chapter 13 of the Book of Wisdom insist that 'from the greatness and the beauty of created things their original author, by analogy, is seen' (Wis. 13:5, NAB). This tradition continues, and indeed starting in the 1950s, analytic philosophy has seen an impressive resurgence of more and more careful formulations and criticisms of arguments for the existence of God. I shall show how the phenomenon of altruism yields a theistic argument."
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    Pruss, Alexander R.

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    Śamkara’s Principle and Two Ontomystical Arguments

    "Two types of arguments for the existence of God that have received much attention are the ontological arguments and the arguments from religious experience. Both types of arguments have their peculiar weaknesses: the ontological arguments require a possibility premiss, while the argument from religious experience requires that the veridicality of the experience be proved. Using Śamkara’s principle I will show that the two types of arguments can be combined in such a way that each compensates for the weakness of the other, and in combination produces a new argument for the existence of God. The particular kind of argument from religious experience that will concern me here will be the argument from high mystical experiences, of which the experiences of St. John of the Cross are a paradigm. The ontological arguments I shall consider will be Alvin Plantinga’s modal maximally-great-being argument and an apparently new argument from radical dependence."
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    Smith, Quentin

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    The Conceptualist Argument for God's Existence

    "The familiar types of argument for God’s existence include the cosmological, teleological and ontological arguments. The aim of this paper is to introduce a new type of argument, the conceptualist argument. The argument is that the conjunction of actualism and conceptualism entails Anselmian theism, that God exists in every possible world. According to actualism, possibilities are propositions, and according to conceptualism, propositions are effects of mental causes. The addition of other premises enables the conclusion to be deduced that in every possible world, every true proposition is a mental effect of the same mind, the divine mind. This article also discusses intimations of the conceptualist argument in Leibniz and in contemporary philosophers such as Plantinga. I conclude that the conceptualist argument may be rationally acceptable, but is not rationally compelling."