Near Death Experience
Do Any Near-Death Experiences Provide Evidence for the Survival of Human Personality after Death? Relevant Features and Illustrative Case Reports"One of the main reasons that near-death experiences have generated so much interest in recent years among the general public is because they seem to provide evidence that consciousness survives the death of the physical body. It is puzzling, therefore, that most researchers -- both those interested in NDEs and those interested in survival research -- have neglected to address the question of whether NDEs do provide evidence for survival. We describe three features of NDEs -- enhanced mentation, the experience of seeing the physical body from a different position in space, and paranormal perceptions -- that we believe might provide convergent evidence supporting the survival hypothesis."
Near-death Experience in Survivors of Cardiac Arrest: A Prospective Study in the Netherlands"Some people report a near-death experience (NDE) after a life-threatening crisis. We aimed to establish the cause of this experience and assess factors that affected its frequency, depth, and content...In a prospective study, we included 344 consecutive cardiac patients who were successfully resuscitated after cardiac arrest in ten Dutch hospitals. We compared demographic, medical, pharmacological, and psychological data between patients who reported NDE and patients who did not (controls) after resuscitation. In a longitudinal study of life changes after NDE, we compared the groups 2 and 8 years later."
A Reply to Shermer: Medical Evidence for NDEs"In his 'Skeptic' column in Scientific American in March, 2003, Michael Shermer cited a research study published in The Lancet, a leading medical journal, by Pim van Lommel and colleagues. He asserted this study 'delivered a blow' to the idea that the mind and the brain could separate. Yet the researchers argued the exact opposite, and showed that conscious experience outside the body took place during a period of clinical death when the brain was flatlined...Here, Pim van Lommel sets out the evidence that Shermer misrepresented."