Philippians

  • File

    Bateman, Herbert W.

     (237K)

    Were the Opponents at Philippi Necessarily Jewish?

    "Paul's allusion in Philippians to a group or groups of opponents has resulted in a myriad of suggestions. 'One of the most hotly debated issues in the contemporary study of Philippians is that of the nature and identity of the opponents to whom Paul alludes in his letter.' Some suggest the opponents (or at least one group of opponents) were Jews who went to Philippi in order to 'reconvert' Gentile Christians. Most writers, however, contend they were Jewish Christian missionaries whose mission was to influence Gentile Christians to adopt Jewish rituals. Yet shouldthese opponents—who are typically called 'Judaizers'—be limited to Jewish Christians or perhaps even non-Christian Jewish 'missionaries'? Is it possible that they were merely local Gentiles who sympathized with and practiced Judaistic rituals?"
  • File

    Fee, Gordon D.

     (183K)

    Philippians 2:5-11: Hymn or Exalted Pauline Prose?

    "This remarkable passage is at once one of the most exalted, one of the most beloved, and one of the most discussed and debated passages in the Pauline corpus. Because of its sheer grandeur, it has assumed a role both in the church and in private devotional life quite apart from its original context, as a piece of early christology. Scholarship, on the other hand, because of its exalted description of Christ in the midst of a piece of paraenesis, has long debated its meaning and role in its present context."
  • File

    Fee, Gordon D.

     (139K)

    To What End Exegesis? Reflections on Exegesis and Spirituality in Philippians 4:10-20

    "The purpose of this lecture, which begins by tracing the author’s pilgrimage as an evangelical NT scholar, is to urge that the ultimate aim of exegesis is the Spiritual one―to produce in our lives and the lives of others true Spirituality, in which God’s people live in faithful fellowship both with one another and with the living God, and thus in keeping with God’s purposes in the world. It is further argued, therefore, that the exegesis of the biblical texts belongs primarily in the context of the believing community who are the true heirs of these texts. These concerns are then illustrated by an exegesis of Phil 4:10-20, where it is argued that the predicates of friendship and orality not only make sense of this passage in its present placement in Philippians, but are intended likewise to lead the community into the climactic theology and doxology of 4:19-20 as the letter is read in their midst."
  • File

    Luter, A. Boyd

     (93K)

    Partnership in the Gospel: The Role of Women in the Church at Philippi

    "In recent years a number of valuable specialized studies on the women in the Philippian church have appeared...Though this paper will not address the burning issues in this dialogue directly, it will seek to further explore the relevant question of the nature of women’s 'partnership in the gospel' by probing fresh angles provided by (1) structural and literary observation of Philippians (within the wider corpus of books that evangelicals generally agree Paul contributed to the NT) and (2) the flow of the narrative style of Acts 16:12–40, the specific passage on the founding of the Philippian church (within the overall flow of Acts)."
  • File

    Martin, Ralph P.

     (639K)

    An Early Christian Confession

    "Philippians ii. 5-11 exercises a twofold influence upon the would-be commentator. It both attracts and repels. This ambivalent reaction is the result, on the one hand, of the importance of the section for our knowledge of early Christianity and of Paul’s Christological teaching; and, on the other hand, of the difficulty which the interpreter faces as he comes to weigh the significance, and ponder the meaning, of these profound words."
  • File

    McClain, Alva J.

     (115K)

    Doctrine of the Kenosis in Philippians 2:5-8

    "This passage in the Philippian Epistle has been so closely connected with certain problems of Christology that any discussion of it will be the more complete if prefaced by a brief historical survey in this particular field of Christian doctrine. Such a survey will serve to show the theological importance of the passage, why the attention of Christologists from the first was drawn to it inevitably, and how speculations regarding the Person of Christ have finally culminated in several theories, related in principle, which receive their name from a Greek word in the passage, and are based to a greater or less extent upon it."
  • File

    Murray, George W.

     (114K)

    Paul's Corporate Witness in Philippians

    "The Book of Philippians...highlights Paul's emphasis on fellowship in evangelism. The themes of unity and witnessing are seen, as Martin observes, in the two words 'gospel'... and 'fellowship'...In Philippians 'gospel' denotes the work of evangelism and 'fellowship' points to active partnership in that activity. At the beginning of this epistle Paul thanked the Philippians for their 'partnership in the gospel' (1:5, NIV). He spoke of their 'defending and confirming the gospel' with him (v. 7) and about his circumstances that served to advance the gospel (v. 12). He mentioned the brethren who spoke 'the word of God' (v. 14), he referred to those who 'preach Christ' (vv. 15, 17), and he rejoiced because 'Christ is preached'...Several times Paul indicated the importance of unified witnessing: 1:5; 1:7; 1:27-28; 2:14-16; 2:22; 2:25-30; 4:3; and 4:21." (v. 18).
  • File

    Philippians

     (65K)

    Philippians - World English Bible (WEB)

    This is an open source version of the bible based on the 1901 ASV (American Standard Version). This document may be freely distributed, there is no copyright on this translation.
  • File

    Russell, Ronald

     (705K)

    Pauline Letter Structure in Philippians

    "Some ground-breaking work has been done, yet it has taken Pauline studies more than forty years to be on the verge of understanding the form and function of the Pauline letter...The benefits of this new flurry of scholarly activity give us insights into Pauline letter structure for particular letters and facilitate the interpretation of any structural section in terms of the whole letter...In this paper I intend to relate the study of Pauline letter structure to the letter to the Philippians."
  • File

    Strimple, Robert B.

     (187K)

    Philippians 2:5-11 in Recent Studies: Some Exegetical Conclusions

    "...I...take the approach of those British scholars whom Martin describes as inclined to grant the possibility of non-Pauline authorship 'and then pass on as though the verses were authentically Paul's.' There is no a priori theological reason for ruling out the possibility, that Paul here made use of an earlier hymn to Christ. It becomes clear, however, that opting for non-Pauline authorship is not an innocuous decision when coupled with the insistence that the passage therefore is to be interpreted altogether without regard to how Paul used it in his argument or even how Paul might have understood it."
  • File

    Swift, Robert C.

     (180K)

    The Theme and Structure of Philippians

    "Among exegetes, Philippians has been sort of a 'Rubik's Cube' of the Pauline literature. Many times it has been twisted, turned, and rearranged as scholars have attempted to make the best sense they could of it. They have sensed that the book has no central theme systematically developed in a logical argument throughout the epistle...[T]he contention of this paper is that (1) Philippians has one central theme that is broad enough to explain the details of the entire epistle, and that (2) the development of this theme follows a literary structure that is as systematic, coherent, and logical as that of any New Testament epistle."
  • File

    Wilson, Robert E.

     (142K)

    "He Emptied Himself"

    "This brief study examines some of the difficulties in interpreting Philippians 2:5-11 and attempts to clarify Paul's meaning in this passage. With Ladd we can summarize the main statements of the passage as follows: Christ pre-existed in the morphe of God. He did not consider equality with God a harpagmon. He emptied himself, taking the morphe of a slave, and was born in the likeness of man. In the schema of men he humbled himself in obedience to death on the cross. Therefore God has exalted him by elevating him to the status of Lord over all creation."