Temple Cleansing

Home > NT Biblical Studies Articles > Temple Cleansing
  • File

    Evans, Craig A.

     (203K)

    Jesus and the “Cave of Robbers”: Toward a Jewish Context for the Temple Action

    "...[P]rior to 70 CE the religious center of the Jewish people was the temple. Various groups and individuals may have been critical of the temple’s caretakers, but they were loyal to the institution itself and to what it stood for. The large sums of money that poured into its coffers, both from Palestine and from the diaspora, testify to this deeply felt loyalty. Accordingly, investigation of Jesus’ action in the temple has the potential of taking us to the heart of the larger question of Jesus’ relationship to Judaism."
  • File

    Matthews, Kenneth A.

     (232K)

    John, Jesus and the Essenes: Trouble at the Temple

    "All four Evangelists record the 'Temple Cleansing' and treat it as an important step in their respective arguments. John's Gospel in particular is impressed with Jesus' action and selects it to introduce him to the public. The Synoptics, on the other hand, present the incident as Jesus' last public act which explains what provoked the Sanhedrin to plot Jesus' subsequent arrest. From the remarkable desert discoveries of our century, scholars have been reminded that Jesus was not alone in criticizing the temple...What we learn from these voices of discontent enables us to better understand the ideological climate in which Jesus' action took place."
  • File

    Moulton, Mark

     (114K)

    Jesus' Goal for Temple and Tree: A Thematic Revisit of Matt 21:12-22

    "Perhaps the most puzzling public action of Jesus was his curse of the fig tree. The accounts of it in Matthew 21 and Mark 11 have generated a diversity of interpretations. In the past few decades many scholars have sought to exegete these passages with an eye to understanding how the withered tree account bears on what happened in the temple since these two dramatic actions are found side by side in both gospels. Some scholars interpret the tree story as an incident that actually happened and that is recounted in proximity to the temple event because the two occurred within a few days of each other. But even among scholars who deny an historical withering are many who approach the two dramatic actions of Jesus as mutually illuminating stories."
  • File

    Troughton, Geoffrey M.

     (358K)

    Echoes in the Temple?: Jesus, Nehemiah, and Their Actions in the Temple

    "...[T]he Temple, and Jesus’ action in the Temple have been thoroughly examined. The Temple itself has been described as one of the essential symbols of Jewish identity. Jesus’ action there has been closely scrutinised ever since E.P. Sanders’ moved to focus on Jesus’ actions rather than his words...This article explores Nehemiah 13.4-9 in relation to Jesus’ action in the Temple. It suggests that Jesus’ action echoes some important features of Nehemiah’s, and that appreciation of the latter adds a neglected layer to our appreciation of the aims and action of Jesus."